Signed Chip Firing Games and symmetric Sandpile Models on the cycles
RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications, Volume 47 (2013) no. 2, pp. 133-146.

We investigate the Sandpile Model and Chip Firing Game and an extension of these models on cycle graphs. The extended model consists of allowing a negative number of chips at each vertex. We give the characterization of reachable configurations and of fixed points of each model. At the end, we give explicit formula for the number of their fixed points.

DOI: 10.1051/ita/2012023
Classification: 05C57,  91A43,  68R15,  68Rxx
Keywords: sandpile model, chip firing game, circular distribution, symmetric sandpile model, signed chip firing game, lattice structure
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     title = {Signed {Chip} {Firing} {Games} and symmetric {Sandpile} {Models} on the cycles},
     journal = {RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Th\'eorique et Applications},
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     publisher = {EDP-Sciences},
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Cori, Robert; Duong Phan, Thi Ha; Huong Tran, Thi Thu. Signed Chip Firing Games and symmetric Sandpile Models on the cycles. RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications, Volume 47 (2013) no. 2, pp. 133-146. doi : 10.1051/ita/2012023. http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.1051/ita/2012023/

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