We introduce a variant of the much-studied $\mathrm{Lie}$ representation of the symmetric group ${S}_{n}$, which we denote by ${\mathrm{Lie}}_{n}^{\left(2\right)}.$ Our variant gives rise to a decomposition of the regular representation as a sum of exterior powers of the modules ${\mathrm{Lie}}_{n}^{\left(2\right)}.$ This is in contrast to the theorems of Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt and Thrall which decompose the regular representation into a sum of symmetrised $\mathrm{Lie}$ modules. We show that nearly every known property of ${\mathrm{Lie}}_{n}$ has a counterpart for the module ${\mathrm{Lie}}_{n}^{\left(2\right)},$ suggesting connections to the cohomology of configuration spaces via the character formulas of Sundaram and Welker, to the Eulerian idempotents of Gerstenhaber and Schack, and to the Hodge decomposition of the complex of injective words arising from Hochschild homology, due to Hanlon and Hersh.

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Keywords: Configuration space, higher Lie module, plethysm, Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt, Schur positivity, symmetric power, exterior power, Thrall.

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@article{ALCO_2020__3_4_985_0, author = {Sundaram, Sheila}, title = {On a curious variant of the $S_n$-module {Lie}$_n$}, journal = {Algebraic Combinatorics}, pages = {985--1009}, publisher = {MathOA foundation}, volume = {3}, number = {4}, year = {2020}, doi = {10.5802/alco.127}, language = {en}, url = {http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.5802/alco.127/} }

Sundaram, Sheila. On a curious variant of the $S_n$-module Lie$_n$. Algebraic Combinatorics, Volume 3 (2020) no. 4, pp. 985-1009. doi : 10.5802/alco.127. http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.5802/alco.127/

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