Partial differential equations
Non-null-controllability of the Grushin operator in 2D
Comptes Rendus. Mathématique, Volume 355 (2017) no. 12, pp. 1215-1235.

We are interested in the exact null controllability of the equation tfx2fx2y2f=1ωu, with control u supported on ω. We show that, when ω does not intersect a horizontal band, the considered equation is never null-controllable. The main idea is to interpret the associated observability inequality as an L2 estimate on polynomials, which Runge's theorem disproves. To that end, we study in particular the first eigenvalue of the operator x2+(nx)2 with Dirichlet conditions on (1,1), and we show a quite precise estimation it satisfies, even when n is in some complex domain.

Nous nous intéressons à la contrôlabilité exacte à zéro de l'équation tfx2fx2y2f=1ωu sur (1,1)×T, avec contrôle u sur ω. Nous démontrons que si ω est le complémentaire d'une bande horizontale, l'équation considérée n'est contrôlable pour aucun temps. L'idée principale est d'interpréter l'inégalité d'observabilité comme une estimation sur les fonctions entières, que nous nions grâce au théorème de Runge. Pour réaliser cette interprétation, nous étudions en particulier la première valeur propre de x2+(nx)2 avec conditions de Dirichlet sur ]1,1[, et en obtenons une estimation assez précise, y compris pour certains n complexes.

Received:
Accepted:
Published online:
DOI: 10.1016/j.crma.2017.10.021
Koenig, Armand 1

1 Laboratoire de mathématiques Jean-Alexandre-Dieudonné, UMR 7351 CNRS UNS, Université de Nice – Sophia Antipolis, 06108 Nice cedex 02, France
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Koenig, Armand. Non-null-controllability of the Grushin operator in 2D. Comptes Rendus. Mathématique, Volume 355 (2017) no. 12, pp. 1215-1235. doi : 10.1016/j.crma.2017.10.021. http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.1016/j.crma.2017.10.021/

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This work was partially supported by the ERC advanced grant SCAPDE, seventh framework program, agreement No. 320845.