Necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a Fréchet mean on the circle
ESAIM: Probability and Statistics, Volume 17 (2013), pp. 635-649.

Let ( 𝕊 1 ,d 𝕊 1 S 1 , d S 1 ) be the unit circle in ℝ2 endowed with the arclength distance. We give a sufficient and necessary condition for a general probability measure μ to admit a well defined Fréchet mean on ( 𝕊 1 ,d 𝕊 1 S 1 , d S 1 ). We derive a new sufficient condition of existence P(α, ϕ) with no restriction on the support of the measure. Then, we study the convergence of the empirical Fréchet mean to the Fréchet mean and we give an algorithm to compute it.

DOI: 10.1051/ps/2012015
Classification: 62H11
Keywords: circular data, fréchet mean, uniqueness
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     title = {Necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a {Fr\'echet} mean on the circle},
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     url = {http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.1051/ps/2012015/}
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Charlier, Benjamin. Necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a Fréchet mean on the circle. ESAIM: Probability and Statistics, Volume 17 (2013), pp. 635-649. doi : 10.1051/ps/2012015. http://www.numdam.org/articles/10.1051/ps/2012015/

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